Institute of Food and Radiation Biology
Insect Biotechnology Division (IBD)Phone: 880-2-7789172, Fax: 880-2-7789337
Insects are major agricultural pests and transmit many vector borne diseases to man and animals. Agricultural pests are responsible for food losses (20-30%) if no control/preventive measures are taken. On the other hand, medically insects are transmitting diseases like malaria, dengue, filariasis, kala azar etc. in Bangladesh. Until now, the use of chemical insecticide has been the only means of insect control in this country. Continuous use of chemical pesticide not only helps insect to develop resistance to the insecticides but also pose a risk of residual toxicity on agricultural commodities. Insecticide also causes pollution to the environment. Both these facts have stimulated us to search for eco-friendly alternative methods of pest management. This division has been organized to facilitate the research on nuclear and advanced biotechnological field in controlling insect pest and to exploit beneficial insects for the benefit of this country. Present research programmes of Insect Biotechnology Division is centered in the following major areas:
- Development of eco-safe control measures for insect pests/vectors
- Development of irradiation as an alternative quarantine treatment methods for horticultural produces
- Higher quality yield production of silk and lac using low dose gamma irradiation
- Investigations of the radiation/microbial pathogen induced damage of insect tissues and organs, analysis, recovery and protection
- Integrated pest management for crops and medically important insect/vectors using nuclear and biotechnological approaches
- Phytosanitary treatment using radiation to meet quarantine regulation in export of horticultural produces
- Use of nuclear techniques for exploitation of beneficial insects
- Effect of irradiation and microbial pathogens at cytological and molecular levels of economically important insects
- Protocols for increased quality silk production (30-35% ) was achieved using low dose gamma irradiation at late embryonic stage of silk worm, Bombyx mori
- Low-cost liquid diet for mass rearing of fruit fly has been developed for field application of Sterile Insect Technique (SIT).
- Protocols for developing bacteria based highly efficient mosquitocidal (Larval) biopesticide has been developed by solid state fermentation.
- Protocols of irradiation quarantine treatment of fresh fresh fruits and vegetables (mango, egg plant, tomato) has been optimized for commercial export applications
- Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) of mango has been finalized for export purposes
This division is well equipped for irradiation related research and Biotechnologicall research. Major equipment of this division include growth chamber, temperature controlled orbital shaking incubator, ultrafreezer, refrigerated high-speed centrifuge, PCR, gel biodoc system, Gel electrophoresis system, Rotary vacumm evaporator, lyophilizer etc.
- Technology transfer of protocols for increased silk production to the growers
- Field applications of SIT to suppress the population of fruit flies in vegetable growing areas of Bangladesh
- Technology transfer and technical assistance of irradiation quarantine treatment to the exporters
- Field applications of biopesticide for mosquito management
- M. Shariful Alam, M. Aftab Hossain and S. Islam. 2004. Effect of gamma irradiation on the developmental stages of Necrobia rufipes (DeGeer) infesting stored dried fish. Univ. j. zool. Rajshahi Univ. 23: 61-54.
- M. Khan. 2004. Influence of nitrogen treatment on leaf amino acid profile of susceptible and resistant wheat genotypes to aphid. Bangladesh Journal of Asiatic Society (Sci) 6:1-9.
- M. Khan, F. Yesmin and G. Nahar. 2005. Determination of male sterility dose and size reduction of reproductive organs of Sheep blow fly, Lucilia cuprina (Wied) (Diptera :Calliphoridae) using gamma radiation. Bangladesh Journal of Nuclear Science and Applications 14(2): 108-110.
- M. Khan. 2005. Use of RAPD-PCR to determine the genetic variation of four different clones of English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Bangladesh Journal of Entomology 15(2): 41-48.
- Shakil A. Khan and Saidul Islam. 2005. Preview. Advantage of irradiation technology as an alternative to conventional quarantine methods. Proceedings of the first national seminar on use of irradiation for quarantine treatment of fresh fruits and vegetables, 19 September 2005, Dhaka, pp. 2-8.
- M. Aftab Hossain, Humayra Akter, M. S. Alam. S. Islam and Shakil A. Khan, 2005. Effect of low dose gamma radiation on the larvae of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) for increased production of silk. Nucl. Sci. & Appl. 14(1): 115-118.
- Humayra Akhter, Shakil A. Khan, Kajla Seheli, M. A. Wadud, Anju A. Taslim, Afroza Yasmin and Saidul Islam. Use of irradiation for quarantine treatment of fresh fruits and vegetables. Proceedings of the First National Seminar held at BAEC. Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 25-32.19 September 2005.
- M. A. Wadud, M. Aftab Hossain and M. Saidul Islam. 2005. Sensitivity of melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) pupae to gamma radiation. Nucl. Sci. & Appl. 14(2): 119-122.
- M. Aftab Hossain, M.A. Wadud, Shakil A. Khan and M. Saidul Islam.2006. Dose mortality response on different developmental stages of fruit fly, Bactrocera tau (Walker) to Gamma Radiation. Nucl. Sci. & Appl. 15(2): 108-112.
- M. Khan and G. Port. 2006. Infestation of aphid on wheat genotypes under low and high nitrogen levels. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture and Environment 2: 69-75.
- M. Aftab Hossain, M.A. Wadud, Shakil A. Khan and M. Saidul Islam. 2006. Sensitivity of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae to gamma irradiation. Nucl. Sci. & Appl. 15(2): 120-124.
- A Y K M Masud Rana, S A Khan, Kajla S. and M Saidul Islam. 2006. Solid-state fermentation of Bacillus sphaericus and its biological efficacy against Culex quinquefasciatus. Bangladesh J. Entomol., 16 (2):1-9.
- Humayra Akter, Shakil A. Khan and M. Saidul Islam. 2006. Irradiation as a quarantine treatment of tomato against two fruit fly species, Bactrocera cucurbitae and B. dorsalis. Nuclear Science and Applications, 15(2):92-96.
- M. Khan, M. Aftab Hossain and M. Saidul Islam. 2007. Effects of neem leaf dust and a commercial formulation of a neem compound on the longevity, fecundity and ovarian development of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) and the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 10 (20): 3656-3661.
- M. Khan, M. Aftab Hossain, M. A. Alim, M. Saidul Islam and Shakil A. Khan. 2007. Management of fruit fly using Sterile Insect Technique. Proc. 7th Bien. Natl. Conf., Bangladesh Entomol. Soc. pp. 10-17, 29 December, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate Dhaka.
- Shakil A. Khan, Jahangir Alam, Masud Rana, Kajla Seheli, M.Saidul Islam and M. Aminul Islam Bhuiyan. 2007. Biological efficacy of lyophilized powder of Bacillus sphaericus against the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus. Dhaka Univ. J. Biol. Sci., 16(1):67-74.
- M. Khan and Gordon Port. 2008. Performance of clones and morphs of two cereal aphids on wheat plants with high and low nitrogen content. Entomological Science 11:159-165.